The historical Denomination of Conegliano Valdobbiadene was established on 2 April 1969. The first historical sources that talk about the presence of Prosecco in this area, date back to 1772. In 1969, the area obtained the recognition of DOC in the 15 municipalities between Conegliano and Valdobbiadene and subsequently, in 2009, the Ministry of Agriculture reorganized the Prosecco appellations, classifying this area as DOCG, Italy's highest quality designation. It is flanked by DOC Prosecco, which covers 9 provinces in Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia.
A historical and traditional indigenous white grape variety, the Glera grape has found in the Conegliano Valdobbiadene area the perfect morphological and climatic characteristics to give life to wines with refined aromas and elegant bouquets.
Glera is a sparkling wine grape par excellence, which expresses itself with different notes depending on the climatic conditions of the area and the type of terroir in which it grows. It is a vigorous variety that germinates early and ripens late.
Its bunches are pyramid-shaped, winged, loosely knit
The leaf is mid-sized, wedge-shaped and with five lobes
The berry is medium, round and golden-yellow in color
Our appellation has many different types of soils, all of which have very ancient origins.
The terroirs of the Western area are mainly composed of marl and sandstone because they originate from the rising of the sea and lake beds. The high slope of the hills typical of this area, which sometimes reaches 70%, combined with the shallow depth and high drainage capacity of the soil, ensures that rainwater does not stagnate.
The eastern part was reshaped by the Dolomite glaciers, which brought various moraine sediments downstream; the soils are therefore deep, consisting of sand and clay conglomerates. The hills in this area are gentle and rounded with a prevalent north/south orientation.
Excellent sun exposure allows the grapes to ripen perfectly
The climate has a high temperature range between night and day, which allows the grapes to ripen fully and produce abundant aromatic substances.
Temperatures are mild in spring and summer and winters are too cold.
Constant ventilation allows excessive humidity to be removed from the plants.
On July 7, 2019 the hills of Conegliano and Valdobbiadene have been officially recognized as a UNESCO site in the category of cultural landscape, which counts 10 sites worldwide, such as the territory of Langhe Roero Monferrato, Champagne and Burgundy.
The area is characterized by a particular geomorphologic conformation, known as the 'hogback' or cordons, consisting of a series of steep reliefs stretching from east to west separated by small parallel valleys. These hills have only the south side cultivated. In this difficult environment, man has been able to adapt over the centuries, modelling the steep slopes and perfecting his agricultural techniques in what it’s known as “heroic viticulture”.
The Ciglioni are a particular form of terraces that are not kept in place by dry stone walls but are covered by grass. This kind of terraces are preferred to other arrangements because it contributes to the solidity of the slopes and reduces soil erosion.
PATCHWORK, CHEQUERBOARD LANDSCAPE:
The typical landscape of the Conegliano Valdobiadene are is defined as patchwork landscape, strongly parceled and interconnected, characterised by many small vineyard plots interspersed with an important presence of wooded and unproductive elements, which function as an effective ecological network capable of providing quality ecosystem services.
These hills require labor intensive kind of cultivation: 600 hours per hectare are needed in the hills. In the flatland instead only 150 hours per hectare are needed